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Elements of Art

Kevin Bibo

Create a new folder in your Documents named Elements.

VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL, DIAGONAL, CURVED, AND ZIGZAG

1. Open The Gimp

2. Create a new file by selecting File>New (Ctrl+N)

3. Use the Preset: 800×600.

4. Select the landscape button.

5. Select the Advanced Options and set the Colorspace to RGB color.

6. Fill with: White. (You will repeat these settings for every new file you create.)

7. Select File>Save As… (Shift+Ctrl+S) and name this file “*01_Vertical.xcf*”

8. At Save in folder select Documents>Elements. Click Save.

9. Use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Vertical*” on the file.

10. Create a new layer.

11. Use the Pencil tool (Y) and the Shift key to create a series of drawings using only vertical lines.

12. Repeat the process for the next four files.

13. Create a 4 new files, one for each line type:

02_Horizontal.xcf

03_Diagonal.xcf

04_Curved.xcf

05_Zig-Zag.xcf

14. Use the Text tool (T) to label each file by placing the word for the type of line used in the file (ex. “*Horizontal*”).

15. Vary the widths and lengths of your lines. Your may also choose to vary patterns and colors.

16. Save your files (Ctrl+S).

VARIETY

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “*06_Variety.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Variety*” on the file.

3. Use the Pencil, and Brush (B) tools to create a wide variety of lines. Make line variations that are long, short, wide, thin, rough, smooth, vertical, horizontal, diagonal, and curved.

4. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

VALUE

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “*07_Value.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Value*” on the file.

3. Use the Pencil tool (Y) to draw three diagonal lines from screen edge to screen edge. This will divide your screen into six or seven sections. Fill each section with lines. Vary the spacing of the lines by placing them close together in one section and farther apart in another. Lines can be crosshatched.

4. You can use the Magic Wand tool (W) to select an area and fill the sections by using the filters, or create your own pattern.

5. Notice that the value of the area darkens as lines are placed close together and lightens when lines are farther apart.

6. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

SHAPE

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “*08_Shape.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Shape*” on the file.

3. Use the Marquee tools and Painting tools to draw four different geometric shapes.

4. Draw them spaced apart so you will be able to select them later.

5. Fill each of these shapes with a solid color.

6. When your screen is half filled with solid, geometric shapes, draw free-form shapes in between the geometric shapes.

7. Use the Magic Wand tool (W) to select the free-form shapes and fill with a pattern. Do not overlap shapes.

8. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

FORM

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N) .

2. Name this file “*09_Form.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Form*” on the file.

3. Use the Elliptical Marquee tool (Shift+M) to draw an oval shape on the screen.

4. Use the Gradient tool (G) to fill it with a gradient.

5. This will make it appear rounded and represent a form.

6. Repeat this procedure using additional geometric and free form shapes.

7. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

SPACE

1. Create a new file (+*Ctrl+N*+)

2. Name this file “*10_Space.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Space*” on the file.

3. Use the Rectangle Marquee tool (M) to draw a 2 × 3-inch solid rectangle in the middle of the screen.

4. Use the Move tool (V) to select and then move part of the rectangle away from the original.

5. Repeat until the rectangle has been broken into many smaller parts with varying spaces in between.

6. Continue selecting and moving until you have created an interesting composition by the addition of space within the form.

7. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

COLOR

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “*11_Color.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Color*” on the file.

3. Use the tools of your choice to design your own unique color wheel. Show the correct color relationships. The color wheel does not have to be round, nor does it have to be a circle.

4. Start with a 6-color wheel, then on a new layer, create a 12-color wheel.

5. Be creative. Plan some way to indicate the differences among primary, secondary, and intermediate colors. Choose and mix your color carefully.

6. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

VALUE AND INTENSITY

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “*12_Value and Intensity.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “Value and Intensity” on the file.

3. Design a simple motif (design) using only two solid colors. Use the Move tool (V) and the Copy and Paste options to make five copies of the motif.

4. Use the Paint Bucket (K) tool to fill each motif with one primary color or intermediate color and its compliment.

5. Mix the two complements together to get a dull intensity of each.

6. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

COLOR SCHEMES

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “*13_Scheme Design.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “Color Schemes” on the file.

3. Draw the initials or letters of your name into a design on the computer screen. The letters must touch the four edges of the screen. Play with the letters-turn them upside down or twist them out of shape. Try making them fat or overlapping them.

4. Use only solid color areas and solid lines, since you will need to fill them with new colors as you progress through the project. Consider the letters as shapes. They do not have to be readable. You may use any tools or options available. Resize and distort if you wish.

5. When you find a design you like, make 7 copies (14-20) of the file. Use the Paint Bucket (K) and other tools to fill in all the shapes, lines, and spaces with each of the following color schemes:

14_Monochromatic.xcf

15_Analogous.xcf

16_Complementary.xcf

17_Triad.xcf

18_Split-complementary.xcf

19_Warm.xcf

20_Cool.xcf

Make a new file for each.

6. Label each file (14-20) and color scheme as you finish it. When you finish all the color schemes, evaluate their effect on the basic design. Also evaluate your personal preferences in the use of color schemes.

7. Save your files (Ctrl+S).

TEXTURE

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “ 21_Texture.xcf” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Texture*” on the file.

3. Use a Pencil tool (Y), or Brush tool (B), or Marquee tools to create several filled objects. Fill each object with a different texture filter. Identify which objects and blends look rough to the touch and which do not.

4. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

TEXTURE AND VALUE

1. Create a new file (Ctrl+N)

2. Name this file “*22_Texture and Value.xcf*” and use the Text tool (T) to place the word “*Texture and Value*” on the file.

3. Use the Pencil tool (Y) or Brush tool (B) to create three shapes. Select a filter texture from the texture menu to fill the first shape.

4. Repeat with the second shape, selecting a different texture. Invent a texture for the third shape, giving it a three-dimensional look.

5. Save your file (Ctrl+S).

6. Flatten all images!

7. Place all individual files in the Hand-in folder.


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